Munich. Image: alexas_photos / common-free
The excitement about the driving ban of diesel vehicles and the coarse picture
At the driving ban for diesel vehicles, an excitation wave after the other. Since the grun-black government in baden-wurttemberg briefly decided, "that diesel cars that do not fulfill the euro 6 standard, on days with high pollution burden in parts of the stuttgart city center from 2018 driving ban received", increase the cream and the business representatives.
"The owners of diesel vehicles are victims and not taders, they need state protection and no discrimination than air funding", said the prasident of the baden-wurttembergischer motor vehicle industry, harry brambach. In the same report, the supervisory board of the car supplier bosch, franz fehrenbach, is also speaking: he sees the diesel technology in germany in danger.
Also the daimler boss dieter zetsche warns of an own goal. A driving ban for diesel cars "not effective" and also one "bitter pill for the owners of old diesel vehicles.
Then came the message from the bavarian administrative court. Vgh committed bavaria and the city of munchen to prepare such a ban. One suspects, it will follow other coarse dates. Now it is mobilized.
"The driving ban for diesel harms the environment", today now the sunday edition of the frankfurt newspaper, whose close to the economy is known. It is argued that diesel vehicles extend more pollutants than comparable "gasoline", "but up to twenty percent less carbon dioxide".
However, the calls for another transport policy are also unuberhorbar. At the end of january 2017, greenpeace activists climbed to the berlin siegessaule to set up a breathing mask and a banner with the inscription in 70 meters high "breathless through the city" go up. An appeal to road users like politicians, because the air in german city is always dirty.
According to the federal environmental office, last year, half of all measured limits for nitrogen dioxide or nitrogen oxides were exceeded. Average highly high were the values in hannover, osnabruck, hameln and hildesheim.
Although there were significant improvements in terms of particulate matter values. The eu limit, which is 50 μg / m³ on more than 35 days a year, was not exceeded in northern measuring station. The value of 20 μg / m³ recommended by the world health organization (who) was significantly exceeded.
Lower saxony plant tempo 30 on heart-style main hubs. The established photo traps was allowed to bring in additional funds to the municipalities. Whether the air is cleaner, remains to be seen. The blue plaque is also discussed, which allows only particularly low-puffy cars to drive up bads with environmental zones. In hanover, osnabruck and bremen there are already environmental zones for cars with gruner plaque.
Environment minister barbara hendricks (spd) had suggested driving bans of diesel vehicles in extreme weather conditions last year in extreme weather conditions. The german city and municipal bund (dstgb) demanded instead of environmental zones a master plan for pollutant reduction in the city. Instead of paying out a fund of private users of electric cars, this money should be in the electrification of buses, taxis, etc. Be set.
In addition, an expansion of bike path network is overwhelmed. On the rhine, where air pollution is caused by 30 percent by boat traffic, the air will not be cleaned through a driving ban for cars.
Diesel engines are already under prere. Thus, the data published at the end of january 2017 of the federal environment agency (uba) show that many german cities significantly exceeded the eu limit for nitric oxide in 2016. The adac also examined the driving behavior of cars with different types of drive. Because of their high carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions, diesel engines cut the worst, followed by petrol. The best results in the environmental balance scored natural gas, hybrid and electric motors.
Nitrogen oxides drove to asthma and cardiovascular diseases. Thus, the european environment agency calculated that, as a result of poisonous air pollutants from diesel engines in germany, more than 10.000 people die prematurely. Greenpeace demands more priority for cyclists and public transport, but also shared electric cars. Internal combustion engines should be banished from the city in the long term.
E-mobile — car of the future?
With a comparison of the emission values per person, the car is in the first place with a carbon dioxide out of an average of 150 grams, the train is significantly below with 40 grams, as well as the coach with only 20 grams. The fewest emissions with only 3.5 to 7 grams of each mileage produced by the electric car — aming it is operated with okostrom.
During norway with a sales rate of almost 23 percent, a pioneering role occupies, comparatively few electric cars are on the way. If it was according to the will of the federal government, 2020 drive a million e-cars to the german straws — an ambitious goal for a hazardous, which has previously proven to be a shophuter.
Low ranges, long loading times, too heavy batteries — carefrers used to comfort comfort with the electric car. Although the technology continues to develop: there are already batteries that store electricity for 300 and even up to 500 kilometers.
But even if the exhaust gases decrease, the growing number of all cars becomes a problem all. Stopping the auto production, it should give it by 2050 2.7 billion cars worldwide. In germany there are already 57 cars on 100 inhabitants. In addition, german motorists are subsidized with around 88 billion euros per year.
Unfalls make the big part of the external costs, the remainder distributes climate change, air pollution, larm etc. Folded on the polluter, every motorist had to pay 15 cents per kilometer additionally. The accident victims could not care whether they will override electro- or diesel cars.
In the environmental balance sheet is rarely considered the tire abrasion. Around 111.000 tonnes of rubber are driven on german trenches each year. Zinc and cadmium-containing particles land in air, water and soil and inhibit the plant growth.