The law is too poorly formulated, as evidenced in an appeal in the environment committee
The amendment of the atomic law, with which the federal government wants to commit the nuclear phase-out, continues to be criticized. Although union and fdp of the opposition have come to meet and have now established exit data for individual nuclear power plants, but much does not fit together. Crafted mistakes in the law could take the exit even very dangerous, warning experts.
Much does not fit together with the accelerated energy transition, which the federal government was fully explored in fukushima. That already starts on the first page of the bill when union and fdp assert all seriously, by establishing the ethics committee "social dialogue" about the dangers that go out of nuclear energy, at all. Black-yellow does not want to be true in the atomic policy of burger protests, which exist much more than the chancellor angela merkel is in the federal policy.
But in this realitation refusal is not the criticism of the current bill. Rather, due concerns increased because the paper is not consistent in itself. Because it goes according to the legal text and the insistent fundamentation, then the nuclear power plants are not switched off because they are unsure. No, the power plants are turned off, though they "have a high robustness degree" — so supposedly safe.
In addition, the federal government graduates the exit. The oldest seven nuclear power plants and crummages should go immediately from the net, from 2015 to 2019 then follow every two years grafenrheinfeld, grundremmingen b and philippsburg 2, the remaining six should be shut down in triplets up to 2021 or 2022. How the federal government comes to this order, the bill does not betray. Instead, it stresses even in the legislation that the results delivered by the reactor safety committee is not worth the creation of any ranking.
Wolfgang renneberg, which was stated in the federal environment ministry for the nuclear supervisor in the federal environment ministry and not only physicists, but also lawyer, criticizes the bill. If you want that the atomic law fails in front of the federal scarf court, then you can leave that so that renneberg laconically during an appeal in the environmental committee of the bundestag. The legislator must clear why a power plant is treated differently than the others. Renneberg prematured that the previous draft against the principle of equal treatment of the basic law .
With his criticism renneberg is not alone. Rainer baake also criticized by the german environmental help (duh) that there is no assessment in the bill for why krummel should be switched off immediately, but grafenrheinfeld may be operated by 2015.
The convulsion of the federal government at the claim that the german nuclear power plants are actually the safest in the world, so then they could now cause problems — which in each case the power plant operators, but also the parts of the governing parties, which still hung at the runtime recovery became. Nothing would be a better argument to return to the old energy policy than a negative decision of the federal scarf court.
Ingo luge, ceo of e.On, then also tries before the environmental committee to interpret the opinions of rsk and ethics commission in his favor. Both commissions had proven the high safety standard of the german nuclear power plants, so lug. Nevertheless, he recognizes the will to rise from atomic energy. However, he requires compensation as it is for the protection of his over 500.000 shareholders do not accept such missing damage. His company is willing to carry out rewards on the investments that are economically acceptable.
Luge does not want his company to be touched too hard when renovating the energy supply. It takes for the energy turnaround coarse companies that invest bravely explained the ceo. Only the energy companies could ensure the necessary investments. In addition, the energy transition is already part of the strategy of e.On. In fact, e bears.On hardly something to switch to renewable energies in germany. If the group invests in this area: www.Verivox.De / news / eon-invested-in-germany-only-low-in-renewable energies-73823.Aspx, then mostly abroad.
Akw as a cold reserve
There was disagreement about whether an atomic power plant is useful as a cold reserve. Martin fuchs from the network operator tennet tso, who sees the power grid since the moratorium at the limit, finds this decision of the federal government, which is back to an initiative of the fdp, correct. The cold reserve is an insurance police, so fox. Representatives of environmental protection leaning the use of nuclear power plants as a cold reserve as nonsensical and dangerous.
Joachim knail from the karlsruhe institute for technology (kit) conducted that both boiling and prerized water reactors, which are in the condition "critical" located, could be synchronized within around 24 hours with the network. One to two days had to be planned if a nuclear power plant is approached. If the fuel elements are removed, ending the start about a week. Only when the power plant is held in its own need, the power operation can be received by means of gag within less than one hour. At the fdp you are satisfied with it. A deadline of one week support the environmental politician of liberals, michael kuch, "as a reserve for outdoor weather conditions" sufficient.
Doubts about the energy transition
But the accelerated transition to renewable energies is not to be identified at the christian-liberal federal government. Stop at its expansion goal of the past fall, after which 35 percent of the power supply in 2020 is to be generated from renewable sources. The nuclear power plants should not be replaced by renewable energies, in which government is obviously still the old thinking of basic load power plants. If there is no interest in additional production capacity at onshore wind facilities, minister peter ramsauer already showed a common press conference with angela merkel and his cabinet colleagues, rosler and rottgen, as he explained that existing wind turbines should be replaced by less, but more powerful investments should be replaced. Instead of using technical progress to produce more power on the same flat, the flat will be reduced and the yield is retained.
Baake also criticized that the energy transition will not consist of being that the government replaced at its expansion goals for renewable retention and atom flow through coal flow. Regenerative energy carriers could have a share of 45 percent of the power supply by 2020, he is convinced. Then less network expansion could be required. The german energy agency (dena) currently has no study for such a scenario. However, dena manager stephan kohler indicated that there is probably less network expansion required if regenerative power plants were built up in the suden of germany and at the same time the proportion of renewable to over 40 percent stairs.
Despite the considerable concerns of the experts in the environment committee, at least on the part of social democrats is not expected to reject the government’s bill. Frank-walter steinmeier explained only one day before merkel’s government clarification to the nuclear phase-out in the bundestag that the spd is ready to carry the law. After all, the federal government returns to the red-green exit decision. "Now when we are back at this point, i do not search tactically for reasons to refuse the coalition to consent to runtime limit", so steinmeier in the interview. The social democrats have gained as a critical opposition itself.